Any person or corporate entity with an account held at a mainstream bank can apply to issue a Bank Guarantee. Provided they hold to their account adequate assets, there should be no reason why a Bank will reject an application to issue a Bank Guarantee for bona-fide business purposes.
The account holder will simply request his Bank to issue a Guarantee and supply them with the reasons behind its issue. The bank would have a simple application form for this service. The account holder will submit the bank the application containing details of the underlying commitment being entered into whilst supplying the bank with information such as; (a) how long the Guarantee should be for, (b) any conditions on the payment, (c) the amount and currency, and of course (d) details of the Beneficiary and their bank details etc.
The Bank in-turn will request that the account holder enters into some form of pledge agreement with them. This means that before the bank agree to issue a Guarantee, the Bank would require a pledge or lien over assets of the account holder to secure the Guarantee. The assets acceptable for a bank to issue a Guarantee are generally liquid assets such as cash at bank, stocks and shares and bonds. In other words, assets that can be instantly liquidated. It is increasingly less common for banks to accept less liquid assets such as real estate property, although the decision to accept the asset is ultimately that of the bank.
In essence and for example, if an account holder wanted to issue a third party with a Bank Guarantee for US$50 million, it would be necessary to pledge cash, stocks or bonds to the his bank for a minimum of this amount. It is highly unlikely that a bank would agree to issue a Guarantee on behalf of their account holder without holding assets of equal or higher value. It is ‘for value received…..’.
Once the bank has charged, liened or blocked the assets on the account holders bank account at the bank, the same bank will issue a Guarantee in accordance with their account holders specifications.
The Issuing Bank will remit the Bank Guarantee to the Beneficiary Bank initially by SWIFT. See SWIFT
Normally, the Bank may pre-advise the Beneficiary Bank by sending a SWIFT MT799 which is only a notice outlining the Issuing Banks instructions to remit a Guarantee, or to verify information in advance of the issue.
Most banks will also send an original paper copy (which takes the appearance of a letter) by post to the Beneficiary Bank. It is courteous for the Beneficiary Bank to remit a message or letter back to the Issuing Bank confirming its safe receipt and acknowledgment.